The recent measles outbreak in Los Angeles County ended on June 15, 2019 because two 21-day incubation periods elapsed from the end of the infectious period of the last known outbreak-related measles case in a resident of LA County. This report summarizes the first LA County measles cases of 2019 and the related outbreak control efforts and reminds health care providers of key clinical actions to prevent and control new cases.
The LA County Department of Public Health (DPH) confirmed 8* cases of measles in residents between April and May of 2019. These include 1 isolated outbreak that resulted in a total of 5 cases in which a county resident returned from international travel with measles and infected 3 people who then infected 1 additional person. The other 3 cases were not a part of the outbreak and were each linked to different exposures associated with international travel. The age of the 8 measles cases ranged from late teens to fifties, and the median age was 24 years. The immunization status of the 8 cases were as follows: 5 were unvaccinated, 2 did not know their vaccination status, and 1 had received a single dose of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) immunization. There were no deaths and 1 patient was hospitalized.
During this time period, DPH investigated a total of 2,982 measles exposures in LA County residents. This number includes exposures to the 8 local cases as well as to additional measles cases who were not residents of LA County. All 2,982 people were assessed for immunity by DPH and affected health care facilities and a total of 1,183 persons were put under quarantine. There were no new cases identified within this group of contacts.
*The LA County health jurisdiction does not include Pasadena and Long Beach, which each had one confirmed measles case during this time.