Every winter, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) promulgate the newest immunization schedules for children and adults. These schedules, along with the catch-up immunization schedule, are approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP) as well as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), and the American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists.
This article provides a synopsis of the most important changes since last year.
The Recommended Immunization Schedules for Persons Aged 0 through 18 years and Adults 19 Years and Older are available on the CDC website: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp. Please note: when reviewing the schedules, the footnotes contain important information such as vaccine intervals, exceptions to the vaccine schedule and information regarding vaccination of special populations.
New Immunization Schedule for Children with Certain Medical Conditions
A new figure has been added to the schedule for children and adolescents aged 18 or younger entitled “Figure 3. Vaccines that might be indicated for children and adolescents aged 18 years or younger based on medical indications”. Per the CDC, the purpose of this new figure is to do the following1:
- Demonstrate that most children with medical conditions can (and should) be vaccinated according to the routine child and adolescent immunization schedule
- Indicate when a medical condition is a precaution or contraindication to vaccination
- Indicate when additional doses of vaccines may be necessary because of a child’s or adolescent’s medical condition.